Home > Hadoop, Hadoop Yarn, Uncategorized > Hadoop YARN Event Bus

Hadoop YARN Event Bus

Hadoop YARN uses an event bus to centralize the dispatching of various events and handling of events by different declared event handlers. This means less plumbing codes to write and maintain. Also, it decouples the event handling logics from different interacting components into one place.

AsyncDispatcher is such event bus. It uses a linkedBlockingQueue to queue up incoming events. Also, it has an internal thread, called eventHandlingThread to listen on the above queue and take event out for processing by calling the dispatch(event) method. In this method, it basically retrieves the corresponding event handler to handle the event accordingly.

AsyncDispatcherUML

/**
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.hadoop.yarn.event;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.BlockingQueue;
import java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.util.ShutdownHookManager;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.YarnException;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.service.AbstractService;

/**
 * Dispatches events in a separate thread. Currently only single thread does
 * that. Potentially there could be multiple channels for each event type
 * class and a thread pool can be used to dispatch the events.
 */
@SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
public class AsyncDispatcher extends AbstractService implements Dispatcher {

  private static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(AsyncDispatcher.class);

  private final BlockingQueue eventQueue;
  private volatile boolean stopped = false;

  private Thread eventHandlingThread;
  protected final Map<Class<? extends Enum>, EventHandler> eventDispatchers;
  private boolean exitOnDispatchException;

  public AsyncDispatcher() {
    this(new LinkedBlockingQueue());
  }

  public AsyncDispatcher(BlockingQueue eventQueue) {
    super("Dispatcher");
    this.eventQueue = eventQueue;
    this.eventDispatchers = new HashMap<Class<? extends Enum>, EventHandler>();
  }

  Runnable createThread() {
    return new Runnable() {
      @Override
      public void run() {
        while (!stopped && !Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted()) {
          Event event;
          try {
            event = eventQueue.take();
          } catch(InterruptedException ie) {
            if (!stopped) {
              LOG.warn("AsyncDispatcher thread interrupted", ie);
            }
            return;
          }
          if (event != null) {
            dispatch(event);
          }
        }
      }
    };
  }

  @Override
  public synchronized void init(Configuration conf) {
    this.exitOnDispatchException =
        conf.getBoolean(Dispatcher.DISPATCHER_EXIT_ON_ERROR_KEY,
          Dispatcher.DEFAULT_DISPATCHER_EXIT_ON_ERROR);
    super.init(conf);
  }

  @Override
  public void start() {
    //start all the components
    super.start();
    eventHandlingThread = new Thread(createThread());
    eventHandlingThread.setName("AsyncDispatcher event handler");
    eventHandlingThread.start();
  }

  @Override
  public void stop() {
    stopped = true;
    if (eventHandlingThread != null) {
      eventHandlingThread.interrupt();
      try {
        eventHandlingThread.join();
      } catch (InterruptedException ie) {
        LOG.warn("Interrupted Exception while stopping", ie);
      }
    }

    // stop all the components
    super.stop();
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  protected void dispatch(Event event) {
    //all events go thru this loop
    if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
      LOG.debug("Dispatching the event " + event.getClass().getName() + "."
          + event.toString());
    }

    Class<? extends Enum> type = event.getType().getDeclaringClass();

    try{
      EventHandler handler = eventDispatchers.get(type);
      if(handler != null) {
        handler.handle(event);
      } else {
        throw new Exception("No handler for registered for " + type);
      }
    }
    catch (Throwable t) {
      //TODO Maybe log the state of the queue
      LOG.fatal("Error in dispatcher thread", t);
      if (exitOnDispatchException
          && (ShutdownHookManager.get().isShutdownInProgress()) == false) {
        LOG.info("Exiting, bbye..");
        System.exit(-1);
      }
    }
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  @Override
  public void register(Class<? extends Enum> eventType,
      EventHandler handler) {
    /* check to see if we have a listener registered */
    EventHandler registeredHandler = (EventHandler)
    eventDispatchers.get(eventType);
    LOG.info("Registering " + eventType + " for " + handler.getClass());
    if (registeredHandler == null) {
      eventDispatchers.put(eventType, handler);
    } else if (!(registeredHandler instanceof MultiListenerHandler)){
      /* for multiple listeners of an event add the multiple listener handler */
      MultiListenerHandler multiHandler = new MultiListenerHandler();
      multiHandler.addHandler(registeredHandler);
      multiHandler.addHandler(handler);
      eventDispatchers.put(eventType, multiHandler);
    } else {
      /* already a multilistener, just add to it */
      MultiListenerHandler multiHandler
      = (MultiListenerHandler) registeredHandler;
      multiHandler.addHandler(handler);
    }
  }

  @Override
  public EventHandler getEventHandler() {
    return new GenericEventHandler();
  }

  class GenericEventHandler implements EventHandler {
    public void handle(Event event) {
      /* all this method does is enqueue all the events onto the queue */
      int qSize = eventQueue.size();
      if (qSize !=0 && qSize %1000 == 0) {
        LOG.info("Size of event-queue is " + qSize);
      }
      int remCapacity = eventQueue.remainingCapacity();
      if (remCapacity < 1000) {
        LOG.warn("Very low remaining capacity in the event-queue: "
            + remCapacity);
      }
      try {
        eventQueue.put(event);
      } catch (InterruptedException e) {
        if (!stopped) {
          LOG.warn("AsyncDispatcher thread interrupted", e);
        }
        throw new YarnException(e);
      }
    };
  }

  /**
   * Multiplexing an event. Sending it to different handlers that
   * are interested in the event.
   * @param  the type of event these multiple handlers are interested in.
   */
  static class MultiListenerHandler implements EventHandler {
    List<EventHandler> listofHandlers;

    public MultiListenerHandler() {
      listofHandlers = new ArrayList<EventHandler>();
    }

    @Override
    public void handle(Event event) {
      for (EventHandler handler: listofHandlers) {
        handler.handle(event);
      }
    }

    void addHandler(EventHandler handler) {
      listofHandlers.add(handler);
    }

  }
}
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